Orders: new round on the Assembly menu on Tuesday with ratification
Emmanuel Macron, alongside Muriel Penicaud and Christophe Castaner sign the ordinances reforming the labor law, on September 22, 2017 at the Elysée
New passage to the Assembly for the ordinances modifying the right of the work: their ratification, with the menu of the deputies from Tuesday, must seal this first social reform of the five-year-old Macron, always very disparaged on the left and by the unions.
Signed in front of the cameras by the head of state in September, the five ordinances reforming the labor law came into force soon after. But without ratification, they would become obsolete.
These texts, carried by the Minister of Labor Muriel Pénicaud and aiming to “give more freedom and more protection” to businesses and employees according to the government, pass in the hands of deputies all week, before a solemn vote on Tuesday 28 They will then be forwarded to the Senate.
Their ratification is not in doubt, the bill empowering the executive to reform by ordinances was widely approved in early August with the majority vote LREM and MoDem but also LR and Constructive. The challenge continues but seems weakened.
On Thursday, opponents of the president’s “liberal” policy, led by CGT and FO, marched for the fourth day of mobilization since the start of the season, without succeeding in mobilizing strongly. “All in action to refuse the orders of social destruction”, proclaimed in particular the leading banner of the Parisian procession.
Among the most controversial measures: the baremisation of industrial tribunal awards in the event of unfair dismissal, the merger of employee representative bodies, including the CHSCT, or the increased role of the company agreement.
The majority defends “a coherent whole”. And it is already focused on the new aspect of reforms touted by the government as a way to bring more security to the employee: apprenticeship and vocational training, plus a reform of unemployment insurance.
– ‘Do not be resigned’ –
LREM would like not to “replay the broad and intense debates” of the summer, when the left, Insoumis and communists in mind, has stepped up to the plate on practically every provision, as pointed out by one elected in committee.
Rapporteur Laurent Pietraszewski (LREM), who worked in human resources, told AFP he expected “a little more measurement” in the Chamber, after the recent examination in committee where he has “not seen from will of obstruction “.
He predicted “margin adjustments” in the session, where MPs will have to look at just over 360 amendments tabled by the left, but he thinks none of the five orders will be truly “challenged”.
In practice, as long as it is not ratified, an order can be modified at will. The three groups on the left – New Left, Communists and Rogue – will not fail to come back to the charge against “regressive” measures.
Despite their attempts, the orders were little changed in committee. In particular, MEPs reinforced the powers of the Works Council or opened the mobility leave for employees concerned by a collective collective break.
The Communists promised to “continue the battle to challenge or minimize the orders,” while New Left denounced an “additional element of a liberal economic policy that will further increase inequality.”
The Rogue people remain mobilized against an “anti-social march”, even if their leader, Jean-Luc Mélenchon recently admitted that Emmanuel Macron had “the point for the moment” and judged that the “resistance” had ) much hurt by the union division “.
“We will not disarm to convince that we must not resign ourselves”, while Emmanuel Macron “prepares a considerably degraded world of work”, promises one of the spearheads LFI on this text, Adrien Quatennens. And to recall that in 2006, the government had retreated on the First Job Contract (CPE), while the law had been promulgated. The mobilization in the street had at the time been massive, especially that of the young people.
The offensive will also continue in the judicial field, with union appeals before the Council of State. The CGT was dismissed on the form of a first application Thursday, the judges must still decide on the merits.